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I am well aware of whatever is there in your hearts regarding this matter but still I have taken it from you on the basis of my sword… Now if you see that I am not fulfilling your rights, then you should be happy with me with whatever is there.

The signs of his nobility and determination were visible from his early childhood. Despite his endeavours in the expansion of the caliphate and the establishment of the Umayyad dynasty, the persona of Caliph Muawiyah I evokes a controversial figure in standard Islamic history whose legacy has never quite been able to shed the taint of his opposition to the Rashidun Caliph, Ali ibn Abi Talib.

After Caliph Uthman was assassinated inhis successor Ali failed to arrest and punish the perpetrators. Muawiyah and his companions did not see that it was obligatory upon them and if they were fought against they would consider themselves oppressed because Uthman was killed oppressively as was agreed by all the Muslims at the time and his killers were in Ali’s camp, he having authority over them” [].

Muawiyah had asked Umar once and Uthman twice for permissions to undertake such naval expeditions. No area was excluded from the Islamic empire in his time, rather, the area of Islamic empire was constantly expanding. Muawiyah warned his son Yazid that Husayn, the younger brother of Hasan ibn Ali, would potentially be a problem for the dynasty. As Uthman ibn al-Affan became very old, Marwan I a relative of Muawiyah slipped into the vacuum and became his secretary and slowly assumed more control and relaxed some of the restrictions on the governors.

During Mu’awiya’s rule he put into practice the advice that Muhammad had given him, “When you rule, do it well. Muslim conquest of the Levant. This certainly couldn’t have been given preference over peace and order. Region controlled by Muawiyah I during the First Fitna.


Muawiyah was very skilled at dealing with the Romans. The Dictations of Sheikh al-Mufid.

His reign opened the door to the persecution of Ali’s supporters, slaughtering of his followers, [] and unlawful imprisonment of his supporters, [] which only worsened when Yazid came into power and the Battle of Karbala ensued. The late Sunni theologian Mawdudi founder of Jamaat-E-Islami wrote that the establishment of the caliphate as essentially a monarchy began with the caliphate of Muawiyah I.

Muawiyah I

Muawiya was one of the first to realize the full importance of having a navy; as long as the Byzantine fleet could sail the Mediterranean unopposed, the coastline of Syria, Palestine and Egypt would never be safe. The traditional medieval Sunni perception of Caliph Muawiyah I has a wide spectrum. Great Scholar and the Writer of Revelation: The shocking defeat of the imperial fleet by the young Muslim navy at the Battle of the Masts in was a critical turning point.

InMuhammad and his followers entered Mecca, and most of the Meccans, including the Abd-Shams clan, formally submitted to Muhammad and accepted Islam.

But you do not do [that]. New forts were also built. Be careful not to confront him except in a good way. In MayEmperor Heraclius launched a major expedition against the Muslims, but his army was defeated decisively at the Battle of Yarmouk in August Had the people not given Muawiyah their allegiance at that time, it wouldn’t have meant so much as losing their rank or position, as much as it would have meant bloodshed and conflict.

So he set out to reach them, and when he found them – they had two tender forelocks like pearls – [and] he ordered to kill them. Be careful O my son, that you do not meet God with his blood, lest you be among those that will perish” [83].


Muawiyah I – Wikipedia

But Ali may Allah be pleased with him and his companions believed that Muawiyah and his companions must pledge allegiance and show obedience to Ali, due to his muawiiya such that there be only one khaleefah for the Muslims. Marwan also wanted Yazid to be the caliph so that he could run things behind the scenes, as he would become the senior member of the Umayyad clan after Muawiyah’s death. My mistakes are all my own and not attributable to You; only You can forgive me and grant me refuge” [85].

This section contains too many or too-lengthy quotations for an ameed entry. A part of it, he entrusted the work of hospitality and care of the visitors and the people coming from outside the areas. Al-Tabri was also written in Iran during that period. In the Battle of Siffin over 70, people among them many of the last surviving companions of Muhammad were killed.

Campaigns in Sugh at Samarqand and Tirmidh. Inhe even sponsored a siege of Constantinople itself. Muawiyah even restored Edessa’s cathedral after it had been toppled by an earthquake. Reduce my lapses, pardon the shortcomings and overlook my ignorance, for You are All Forgiving. Muawiyah and remaining members of his family were open opponents of the Muslims before the ascendancy of Muhammad.

Ibn Kathir said: