The forearm is the part of the arm between the wrist and the elbow. It is made up of two bones: the radius and the ulna. Forearm fractures are common in. Both bone forearm fractures are common orthopedic injuries. Optimal treatment is dictated not only by fracture characteristics but also patient age. In the. one of the most common pediatric fractures estimated around 40% 15% present with an ipsilateral supracondylar fracture or “floating elbow”.

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Greenstick fractures of the middle third of the forearm. Dahlin LB, Duppe H. Symptoms gross deformitypain, swelling loss of forearm and hand function Physical exam inspection open injuries check for tense forearm compartments neurovascular exam assess radial and ulnar pulses document median, radial, and ulnar nerve function pain with passive stretch of digits alert to impending or present compartment syndrome.

Pattern of forearm fractures in children.

Galeazzi fracture

Simple Ulna More info proceed Oblique Transverse With dislocation of proximal radioulnar joint Monteggia close Radius More info proceed Oblique Transverse With dislocation of distal radioulnar joint Galeazzi close Radius and ulna More info proceed Wedge Ulna More info proceed No dislocation With dislocation of proximal radioulnar joint Anterachii close Radius More info proceed No dislocation With dislocation of distal radioulnar joint Galeazzi close One bone wedge, other simple or wedge More info proceed Multifrag- mentary Ulna multifragmentary, radius not More info proceed Radius multifragmentary, ulna not More info proceed Radius and ulna More info proceed Intact segmental Intact segmental of one bone, fragmentary segmental of the other Fragmentary segmental close Special considerations.


Initial closed management was successful. A subsequent study by Schmuck et al. Complications associated with retained implants after plate fixation of the pediatric forearm. Galeazzi fracture-dislocation Galeazzi fracture.

Acceptable alignment fdacture forearm fractures in children: In this case, there ffracture also a dislocation of the radial head Monteggia fracture-dislocation. A purely motor nerve, the AIN is a division of the median nerve. In Kang et al. Three point moulding is required Fracture clinic within 7 days with x-ray.

With an isolated ulna fracture, check for injury to radiocapitellar joint Monteggia fracture-dislocation. Nonsurgical treatment results in persistent or recurrent dislocations of the distal ulna.

Incidence of childhood distal forearm fractures over 30 years: Removal of nails was performed at 6 months. Any fracture with demonstrable rotation should be referred for an orthopaedic opinion.

No dislocation With dislocation of proximal radioulnar joint Monteggia. Which of the following is true regarding the radiographic assessment of anatomic forearm alignment after reduction?

However, researchers have been unable to reproduce the mechanism of injury in a laboratory setting.

S [ PubMed ]. What follow-up is required? In the pediatric population this is commonly done under conscious sedation in the emergency room. On the lateral radiograph the radial styloid and biceps tuberosity are oriented 90 degrees apart. A year study of the changes in the pattern and treatment of 6, fractures. The authors concluded that functional outcomes are fracturd to be equivalent independent of method of fixation.

Forty-four percent of the fractures required limited open reduction to allow passage of the nail and to obtain satisfactory alignment.


Radius – ulna shaft diaphysis fractures – Emergency Department

L7 – years in practice. Refer to the nearest orthopaedic on call service for advice Usually requires general anaesthestic manipulation plaster GAMP due to prolonged force to correct antebracii. Oblique Transverse With dislocation of proximal radioulnar joint Monteggia.

Closed reduction with procedural sedation or GAMP. Elbow should be placed in 90 degrees flexion and forearm in midprone position. Implant retention has also been reviewed. Surgical interventions for diaphyseal fractures of the radius and ulna in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev However, a review of the literature is inconclusive in defining precise guidelines for acceptable deformity Table 1.

Wheeless’ Textbook of Orthopaedics

In the plate group there was one transient ulnar nerve palsy, fractur case of painful hardware requiring removal, and 5 patients with decreased rotational motion.

Consequently more deformity can be accepted in the distal one third of the diaphysis versus antebrachio middle and proximal thirds. Operative fixation When acceptable reduction is unable to be attained with closed reduction and casting, operative intervention is recommended.

Acceptable alignment of forearm fractures in children: What would be your next step in management? The optimal method of fixation has not been clearly established. The management of these fractures depends on the age, type of fracture and fracture displacement. Log in Sign up.

What treatment is indicated at this time?