He originated the concept of Lebensraum, or “living space,” which relates human groups to the spatial units where they develop. Though Ratzel pointed out the. in the work of Friedrich Ratzel and his formulation of the concept of Lebensraum. The paper argues that the Ratzelian Lebensraum must be viewed as a concept. The concept of Lebensraum—or “living space”—served as a critical component in Renowned German geographer Friedrich Ratzel coined the term in

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The idea was that after most of the indigenous population had been cleared, German farmers would settle the land. When the Germans invaded the Soviet Union infurther volunteers from France, Spain, Belgium, the Netherlands, Czechoslovakia, and the Croatia signed up to fight for the Nazi cause.

Our editors will review ratel you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article. Raum was defined as where German peoples live, and other weaker states could serve to support German peoples economically, and German culture could fertilize other cultures. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. Species that successfully adapted to one location, he thought, would spread naturally to others.

Retrieved from ” https: Popular German acceptance of the atrocities was achieved by way of Nazi propaganda print, radio, cinemaa rattzel factor behind the manufactured consent that justified German brutality towards civilians; by continually manipulating the national psychology, the Nazis convinced the German people to believe that Jews and Slavs were Untermenschen subhumans.


Informed by the blood and soil Blut und Boden beliefs of ethnic identity—a philosophic basis of Lebensraum —Nazi policy required destroying the USSR for the lands of Russia to become the granary of Germany.

During his eleven years at Munich, Ratzel produced the first volume of Anthropo-geographie and the first two volumes of his Volkerkunde —as well as at least shorter items.

Philosophy, rather than biologycame to dominate his later thought. Friedrich Ratzel The German geographer Friedrich Ratzel was the author of several books on ethnology and human and political geography in which he described his observations during extensive travels in Europe and the Americas.


Friedrich Ratzel – Wikipedia

Hitler’s Master Plan For Expansion. The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.

During the Third ReichKarl Haushofer and his school of Geopolitik carried these suggestions into political ideology, and the doctrine of leensraum living space became the pseudoscientific justification for national expansion.

Retrieved from ” https: Thus, Hitler’s long-range aim, fixed in the s, lebensrau, erecting a German Eastern Imperium on the ruins of the Soviet Union was not simply a vision emanating from an abstract wish. He emphasized the importance of physical environment as a factor determining human activity.

Eventually, however, at the end ofthe Allies forced their disbandment and the Free Corps returned to Germany, embittered and frustrated. Indeed, duringhe blamed Germany’s pre-war politicians for supporting Austria-Hungary against Russia. Keep Exploring Britannica India.

He assumed, often correctly, that agreement of form which was independent of the nature, material, and function of an object or artifact indicated a historical connection or borrowing. Second Thoughts ForewordEd. Early in his career as leader of the Nazis, Adolf Hitler said he would accept friendly relations with the USSR, on condition that the Soviet government re-establish the disadvantageous borders of Friedrjch Russia, which were demarcated in the Treaty of Brest-Litovskwhich made possible the restoration of Russo—German diplomatic relations.

While at Lebensrahm, Ratzel produced several books and established his career as an academic. Versuch einer komparatistischen Analyse” in Studia Historiae Frierrich vol. During his years at Leipzig —he wrote thirteen books and about sizable articles.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. He claimed that achieving Lebensraum required political will, and that the National Socialist Movement ought to strive to expand population area for the German people, and acquire new sources of food as well. These plans were not merely the work of the German General Staff. The Coming of the Third Reich p. This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3.

We must create conditions for our people that favour its multiplication, and we must, at the same time, build a dike against the Russian flood The Nazi Consciencep. As a result of essays based on these travels and a monograph on Chinese emigrationhe was appointed lecturer, inand then professor, inat the Technische Hochschule in Munich. Hitler considered Rosenberg an expert on Russia and became equally persuaded of the link between Bolshevism and the Jews.


Despite each slogan political and racial being contradicted by the reality of such demographic facts, the nationalists’ demands for Lebensraum proved to be ideologically valid politics in Weimar Germany. Apart from his major works he published many important articles on political geography and the spatial relationships of geographical phenomena. Jetzt noch nicht zu sagen.

It is success that justifies everything.

Friedrich Ratzel – New World Encyclopedia

Image and Reality of the Israel—Palestine Conflict. Zwei Wege nach Moskau: There are plenty of Jews with blue eyes and blond hair, and not a few of them have the appearance which strikingly supports the idea of the Germanisation of their kind. When you, my friends, are fighting in the East, you keep that same fight against the same subhumans, against the same inferior races that once appeared under the name of Huns, and later—1, years ago during the time of King Henry and Otto I—the name of the Hungarians, and later under the name of Tatars, and then they came again under the name of Genghis Khan and the Mongols.

The Children of Europe in the Nazi Web pp. Inhe went to Rapperswil on the Lake of ZurichSwitzerlandwhere he began to study the classics. Just like a biological organism grows and develops, it is not natural for states to be static. Indeed, an important reason for his decision to invade the Soviet Union in June was his desire to acquire the Lebensraum that he had been seeking for Germany since Consent and Coercion in Nazi Germany.

London, United Kingdom, pp.

In the twenty-one year inter-war period, between the First —18 and the Fridrich —45 world wars, Lebensraum for Germany was the principal tenet of the extremist nationalism that characterised the party politics in Germany. He studied the influence of people of German origin in Americaespecially in the Midwestas well as other ethnic groups in North America.